The Joint Office’s strong retention rate for supportive housing — the signature investment that the Measure was named for — is among several data points tracked in the report, which builds on previously released quarterly reports and details a variety of outcomes, challenges and other trends in Fiscal Year 2022-23.
Among other highlights in the report, which was presented Monday to the Supportive Housing Services Regional Oversight Committee:
- Shelter capacity goal exceeded: The Joint Office created or sustained 460 shelter beds using Supportive Housing Services funds, including a new, focused shelter at the Behavioral Health Resource Center, well above the goal of 400 beds.
- Eviction prevention goal — limiting inflow into homelessness — exceeded: The Joint Office used Supportive Housing Services funds to support partners providing eviction prevention resources to 2,067 households, significantly exceeding the planned goal to serve 800 households.
- Higher number of people rehoused out of homelessness: The number of people rehoused out of homelessness using Supportive Housing Services funds was 1,318 in FY 2023, amounting to 30% of all Joint Office-funded housing placements. That number is up from 1,129 in FY 2021-22.
- Addressing racial equity goals, surpassing last year’s performance: Metro requires that Supportive Housing Services funds address racial disparities by serving people of color at higher rates. In FY 2023, 80% of households receiving SHS-funded services in Multnomah County were BIPOC, up from 73% the previous year.
The Joint Office also spent the last quarter of FY 2023 addressing some of the well-documented spending challenges that resulted from provider capacity and workforce issues as well as necessary delays because of procurement timelines.
The Joint Office finished the year having spent a comparable percentage of its Supportive Housing Services’ program budget to its regional partners — thanks to a large surge in spending in spring 2023. The Joint Office ended the fiscal year having spent 65% of its program budget, ahead of Clackamas County’s 62%, but behind Washington County’s 75%. That accelerated spending by the Joint Office came before work to establish a Corrective Action Plan with Metro.
“The outcomes in this year’s Supportive Housing Services annual report show what this historic measure is allowing us to accomplish,” said Daniel Field, director of the Joint Office of Homeless Services. “As shown in the report, nearly every person who moved into permanent supportive housing last year was still in housing a year later. We’re also exceeding our goals for shelter beds, eviction prevention and racial equity. We have room to improve and grow, but these outcomes show that this measure is making a difference in our community, right now.”
Stories show ongoing impact of Supportive Housing Services Measure
“If it wasn't for the services of Do Good [Multnomah] and various other nonprofit organizations, I would literally be in a tent on a sidewalk,” said John, a U.S. Army veteran who found stability at Do Good Multnomah’s Roseway Motel shelter, which is funded by the Supportive Housing Services Measure. “The most important thing to somebody trying to get off the street is stability. Without stability, you're not going to go anywhere. And Do Good supplies that.”
- “This is a new venture for us”: Domestic violence center adds housing assessor position, thanks to Supportive Housing Services funding
“We are often the entry point for survivors who are at a very delicate spot in their trajectory of healing, where they are ready to separate, they're ready to flee,” said Kara Sydnor, who is the Gateway Center’s first housing assessor. The new position, funded by the Supportive Housing Services Measure, helps connect domestic violence survivors with long-term housing. “That first call, that first contact that somebody makes, I am able to get them right at that most crucial delicate time.”=
- “It’s just a matter of finding out what they need”: New position funded by the Supportive Housing Service Measure helps bridge gap for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities experiencing homelessness
“Primarily, my job is to go through that list, reach out to them, see if they're housed, see if they need any medical accommodations, see if they still qualify for programs or services,” said Takiah McCullough, who is Multnomah County’s first supportive housing specialist focused on people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, embedded in the Department of County Human Services. “If they’re not eligible for certain services, then we want to see that they're still connected in some kind of way, and that they're not just lost.”
Norm, one of her clients, said that he wasn’t having success finding housing before meeting McCullough. Now, he’s living in a one-bedroom apartment. “She’s been a blessing,” Norm said.
- Shawn's story from unsheltered homelessness to housing
After four years of unsheltered homelessness, Shawn Almond discovered Multnomah County's Behavioral Health Resource Center. After participating in services through the building’s day center, he transitioned through the facility’s shelter program, which is funded by the Supportive Housing Services Measure. From there, he moved into the program’s bridge housing program before moving into a sobriety housing development nearby. The Behavioral Health Resource Center is operated in partnership with Do Good Multnomah and Mental Health & Addiction Association of Oregon.
- “They believed in me”: After experiencing incarceration and drug addiction, Clarice finds hope with a program that pairs mental health treatment with housing subsidies
“I built relationships with them and they planted seeds in me. And they believed in me even when I wasn't living my life right,” said Clarice about her experience with NARA NW’s Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) program. After many years of instability, Clarice was able to move into housing with a Supportive Housing Services-funded program that provides housing opportunities to participants in ACT programs.
Challenges factor in initial pace of work
But the report also notes that workforce challenges may persist and continue to affect spending and outcomes, even amid recent investments by the Multnomah County Board of Commissioners to address gaps and add capacity in support of providers.
The annual report notes that the Joint Office has been deliberate in expanding the number of providers it contracts with, especially culturally specific providers, and has also included cost-of-living increases in provider contracts for the past couple of years. However, the annual report points out that provider capacity remains a continued challenge — one that has slowed the progress of the measure.
“Without a strong provider workforce, we will struggle to deliver on the full promise of this measure. Each and every one of the outcomes voters expect from us depend on that workforce. And in the first two years of implementing this measure, we’ve seen programs that weren’t able to launch as designed, and dollars that remained unused, simply because our providers didn’t have capacity,” Field wrote in the report.
The annual report points out that the Supportive Housing Services measure required a rapid expansion of the local homeless services system, during a time when service providers and government agencies were responding to the COVID-19 pandemic and working to reduce its impact on homeless residents and other vulnerable populations — another challenge in implementing the measure.
Executive authority and emergency steps to increase urgency and effectiveness
In light of those challenges, the report outlines steps the Joint Office of Homeless Services and elected officials have taken to increase the urgency and effectiveness of the implementation of the measure.
One accomplishment noted in the annual report is the Corrective Action Plan created with Metro, which aims to address Multnomah County’s past underspending of Supportive Housing Services dollars.
“The corrective action plan is providing the Joint Office with a path forward for addressing underspending from the previous fiscal year, outlining immediate investments that will help ensure these unspent dollars are put to use in our community,” the report says. “And, the process of finalizing that corrective action plan increased understanding and alignment between the Joint Office, Multnomah County, the City of Portland and Metro.”
The Multnomah County Board of Commissioners recently approved two budget packages — one allocating a remaining pool of underspent Supportive Housing Services funds and one allocating unanticipated revenue received from Metro’s collections for the Supportive Housing Services Measure — with an eye toward urgency and systems improvements.Chair Jessica Vega Pederson recently exercised her executive authority to use the Supportive Housing Services unanticipated revenue to urgently expand behavioral health services, including shelter beds, daytime services, housing and stabilization services.